International Baccalaureate (IB) Program

About the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program

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IB Learner Profile

The aim of all IB programs is to develop internationally minded people who recognizing their common humanity and shared guardianship of the planet, help to create a better and more peaceful world.

The International Baccalaureate Program is a rigorous pre-college course of study for the highly motivated high school student. Established in 1967, the prestigious IB Program has grown to include over 1000 schools in more than 100 countries. The program offered by Ingraham High School is one of only 13 in the state of Washington. 

Participants in the IB Program become part of an international group of students taking similar courses based on rigorous academic standards. Experienced examiners worldwide evaluate their work. IB examination is internationally accredited.

The IB Program takes a renaissance approach to education, seeking to develop well-rounded, productive members of society. Students learn how to critically analyze, thoughtfully question, and carefully reach conclusions about cultures, languages, literature, mathematics, and the natural world.

The IB program:

  • Raises educational standards to meet high expectations.
  • Provides a course of study for a well-rounded, highly capable and achieving student.
  • Enables the student to compete in an international arena.
  • Establishes examination accountability for teachers and students.
  • Establishes a cooperative student/teacher relationship.
  • Program participants are highly sought after applicants at major colleges and universities worldwide.

Full IB Diploma

IB Diploma Candidates must:

  • Take the Grade 11 and 12 courses
  • Write an extended essay
  • Complete the Theory of Knowledge (TOK) class
  • Fulfill the Creativity Action Service requirement
  • Complete the IB exams

Students who earn the IB Diploma may receive college credits or advanced placement for their high school work.

Unique Learning Opportunities

The IB Diploma Program is about more than six subjects that students study. At its heart are three core requirements that are integral to the curriculum and make the IB Diploma Program unique: Theory of Knowledge (TOK), extended essay, and Creativity, Action, Service (CAS).

Theory of Knowledge (TOK)  - an internally and externally assessed interdisciplinary component that explores the different concepts of knowledge found in the subject areas. Because IB Diploma Program students study six subjects simultaneously, TOK teachers can, for example, ask their students to compare a historian's approach to problem solving with that of a scientist or an artist.

Extended essay  (link takes you to the IB guidebook on the extended essay) - an externally assessed, independent research assignment of 4,000 words in one of the six subject areas. This is one of the ways in which IB Diploma Program Students can specialize in a certain subject area and prepare for university studies.

Examples of student essays from the past:

  • Psychology
    The Effects of Prenatal Androgen Exposure on Gendered Behavior, Childhood Play Behavior, and Sexual Behavior
  • History
    The Socio-political Effects of the European Depression on Polish Minorities from 1930-1939
  • Biology
    The Effect of pH Conditions on Budding in Zoanthid Corals
  • Film
    The Influence of 'Pulp Fiction': An In-Depth Analysis into the Extent 'Pulp Fiction' Influenced the Film Industry
  • Music
    Musical Application of the Fibonacci Number Sequence
  • Politics
    North Korea and the Maintenance of a Totalitarian Regime
  • Literature 
    An Analysis of the Portrayal of Social Hierarchy within F. Scott Fitzgerald's 'The Great Gatsby'

Creativity, Action, Service (CAS) –  a minimum of 150 hours of participation over the two years in creative physical and service activities in the local community. The CAS requirement allows students to gain real-life experience beyond the classroom.

The Benefits of the IB Diploma Program

Universities recognize the outstanding qualities of IB Diploma Program students. Typically, diploma holders are ready to debate real-world issues from an international perspective and to provide leadership and support in the local and global community. They demonstrate a capacity for in-depth study while maintaining a broad perspective of the different subject areas. They are able to ask challenging questions but also know how to research a topic and express their opinion. They have a strong sense of their own culture and identity, as well as the ability to communicate in two or more languages with people who have a different perspective of the world.

Internationally Recognized Standards

The IB Diploma Program is widely recognized for its high academic standards. Assessment is varied and takes place over two years, with final examinations in each subject. Students' work is assessed by an international board of examiners, who are themselves rigorously trained and monitored by the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO). 

Subjects are scored on a 1-7 scale with a further three points available for theory of knowledge and the extended essay. Students who display good levels of performance across all six subjects and achieve a minimum of 24 points (out of a possible 45) are awarded the diploma. All others receive a certificate for each of the subjects completed.

IB Certificates

Students who are most interested in one or several of the individual IB content areas may work toward IB certificates. Certificate students may receive college credits or advanced placement for successfully completing the individual Higher-Level IB exams


Starting with the registration for Fall of 2010, an application for pre-IB/honors courses is not required. Students will register for the pre-IB/honors courses based on recommendations from their teachers and counselors. Ingraham counselors will review students’ academic records during the registration process and advise students as needed regarding course selection. Students entering as transfer students for the diploma program as juniors are still required to complete the application including teacher recommendations.

IB General Regulations

The following link will take you to the IB’s General Regulations for the Diploma Program

General Rules and Regulations

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For further information about our IB program, exam registration materials, and financial aid, please contact:

Guy Thomas
Ingraham IB Coordinator

Important Dates

  • Nov. 19, 2020 :
    private school info session
  • Jan. 2021 (date TBA) : virtual open house for 8th grade families
  • Jan. 2021 (date TBA) : virtual IB Info Session